Caring for a Minor Wound
- If the wound is very dirty, wash with a hose first. Hold the hose above the wound to allow water to trickle through and remove any dirt. You should not aim the hose directly at the wound as it may cause dirt to be pushed in.
- Clip or trim with scissors, the hair surface rounding the wound so that hairs do not lie in it.
- Wash the wound with clean water from a clean bucket, preferably using an appropriate antiseptic solution - chlorhexidine (Hibiscrub) or povidine iodine (Pevidine). Soak small wads of cotton wool in the water. Squeeze the water out as water dripping down the horse’s leg may frighten him. Pour some antiseptic solution on to the cotton wool and rub the wound. Repeat with multiple clean pieces of cotton wool, continuing for at least five minutes, or longer if the wound is not clean.
- If possible, you might want to keep the horse stabled to restrict movement which will help the wound heal.
- You may want to apply fly-repellent around (but not in) the wound
Careful and thorough cleaning will help to prevent infection.
Do not apply wound ointments or powders as these may make dirt stick and attract infection. Superficial small cuts will heal quickly if the wound edges are close together. If possible, apply a non-stick dressing and then bandage the wound.